READ FIRST - What is an EWOK ? General intro and overview Def. of temporal processing Temporal "g" (general intelligence) Timescales of temporal processing Two timing circuits Temporal tracking (UK) - Stankov Rhythm perception and production Sensorimotor timing/synchronization Event vs emergent timing of repetitive movements Musical performance and perception Meter Groove Features/characteristics Factor structure Music ability and Ga Tempo Spontaneous motor tempo Natural "preferred" tempo Types of tasks "Synchronized" (tapping) tasks Rate limits of tapping synchronization Synchronized movements to metronome Wing-Kristofferson two-level model Sensitivity to tempo changes Polyrhythm perception Hearing and Pitch interval perception "Continuation" (no tapping) tasks Detection of rhythmic sequences Rammsayer's temporal g tasks Theoretical rhythm models Resonance model for temporal selectivity - "harmonic oscillator" Interval or duration discrimination processing Type of tasks Estimation Temporal duration discrimination Temporal assimilation Temporal generalization Executive functions (EF) Time-based prospective memory Time monitoring tasks Reproduction Production Intermodal tasks Mental timing theoretical models Universal "centralized" internal clock models Scalar Expectancy Theory Weber's Law Oscillator models Oscillator-phase models Multiple oscillator models Wing-Kristofferson two-level model Reference memory Distributed network or state-dependent ("emergent?" models Cortical models Cerebellar models Spectral models Some theoretical and conceptual issues "Reset" problem Attention Interference effect General overview of "attention networks" Executive attention Domain general intervention SAS - Sluggish Attention Shifting Traditional psychometrically-based theory and research Tonal memory ? (Stankov) Auditory (Ga), speech,and language  prominence in temporal processing Temporal "g" (general intelligence) Brain structures, locations and mechanisms Basal ganglia Frontal-striatal pathway/network Striatum Cerebellum Cortex:  What areas? Right parietal Frontal, prefrontal, DLPFC Biological substrates Inferior frontal gyrus, insula bilaterally, portion of the left supramarginal gyrus, the putamen Methodological issues Other cognitive process confounds Working memory DLPFC confound Group differences and clinical disorders Language disorders Huntington's,  Parkinson's, Schizophrenia Musicians Attentive Ga processing Aspergers Dyslexia References, abstracts and articles Developmental research Interventions Commercial or clinical products Interactive Metronome Research Temporal resolution Music training Attentive Ga processing Reading achievement ..\..\Interactive Metronome\Key articles\clockrefs022207.pdf Internet sources